Imagine A Life In Captivity
Captive Whale and Dolphin Shows
Why are we concerned about whales and dolphins in captivity? What does WDCS do to stop it? How can you help?
WDCS understands why people love dolphins and the desire to see them up-close. However, we love dolphins too and it’s our job to protect them. We hope that you’ll be able to help us protect them too. The following information should help you decide if you believe in captivity or not. Which would you prefer?
In the wild, whales and dolphins…
- Travel long distances for fun and food
- Are always in motion, even when resting
- Are among the fastest animals in the sea
- Are able to dive deeply
- Live in complex societies (similar to life at school or at home)
- Can choose their friends and when they want to hang out
- Are intelligent and can solve problems e.g. in Australia dolphins have learnt to protect their beaks with sponges while foraging among sea urchins on the sea bed
- Are self-aware and are aware of others
- Have culture i.e. they teach and learn things from their elders and each other
- Have different ways of communicating (like trying a new language)
What about our Adoption Dolphins?
WDCS Field Officer, Charlie Philips notes: “Our dolphins can quite easily travel up to 60 kilometres in one day. They almost never stop moving and can reach speeds of up to 20mph. Long-lasting friendships between dolphins can stretch over decades and mothers teach their calves about hunting, ships, other species, and about where they live. They also demonstrate interesting means of catching big, powerful salmon, using the fast tidal currents and the seabed geography to make it easier to trap, kill and then swallow these big fish. One of our dolphins, Kesslet, even skins her fish before she eats it!”
Compare what dolphins do in the wild (see above) to those in captivity (see below). How do you think you might feel if you were stuck in a cage or tank for the rest of your life?
Once confined, dolphins…
- Lose their freedom and choice
- Have to undergo medical procedures and artificial diets
- Have to put up with unusual noises and strange smells
- Have to put up with other unfamiliar captive animals and people
- May suffer bullying from other pool mates more dominant than themselves
- Suffer from stress and aggression
- Have a reduced life expectancy
- Find it hard to breed
- Causes of death include drowning and swallowing foreign objects
- Any tank is small and cramped compared to the open ocean
- Chemically-treated water effects dolphins’ sensitive skin, causing ulcers and skin lesions
- Chemically-treated water means no live fish or plants can be placed inside, leaving the tank bare and largely featureless, with no mental stimulation
- Many countries do not have minimum standards for housing captive dolphins
- Situated close to pollution sources such as sewage outfall pipes
- May be set in very shallow water, where they become hot in the sun
- Man-made noise from boats and coastal development can be a constant disturbance
- Some are built in hurricane zones, leading to the death and escape of captive dolphins
- They can lead to the destruction of coral reefs and other coastal habitats
What is WDCS doing?
- Campaigning for an end to capture and trade of all wild whales and dolphins.
- Lobbying for better laws to protect whales and dolphins.
- Working with the tourism industry for better short term living conditions.
- WDCS would like to see an END to all cetacean captivity
- Don’t visit facilities that hold whales and dolphins in captivity.
- Watch them in the wild. For example, www.oceansworldwide.co.uk
- Spread the word - talk to your friends about the plight of dolphins in captivity.
- Learn about their different behaviour. Take part in WDCS’s Dolphin Diploma and receive a dolphin expert certificate!
- If you have seen dolphins in captivity and were unhappy about your visit - tell WDCS.
- Keep an eye on our website to find other ways to help with our campaigns.
- Fundraise for WDCS – hold an event, become a member, or adopt a wild whale/dolphin with WDCS to help us to continue our work.
"There is about as much educational benefit to be gained in studying dolphins in captivity as there would be studying mankind by only observing prisoners held in solitary confinement"