Lithuania is one of fifteen EU Member States keeping dolphins in captivity. Lithuania has one dolphinarium, the Lithuanian Sea Museum, which currently does not hold any dolphins because it is undergoing renovations.
In 2010 the 11 dolphins held at Lithuanian Sea Museum were transferred to the Attica Zoological Park, in Greece, reportedly until May 2012. There has been much scrutiny over the transfer of the dolphins to Greece in 2010 as no permission was ever given by the Greek government to allow the dolphins to enter the country. The dolphin facility at the Attica Zoo also lacks planning permission.
The Lithuanian dolphinarium opened on April 30th, 1994 and offers swim-with sessions and dolphin shows for the entertainment of public audiences. Dolphin -assisted therapy is also offered.
The dolphins moved from the Lithuania sea museum are Black Sea bottlenose dolphins, 3 of which were wild-caught. These three are the only surviving individuals out of 10 Black Sea bottlenose dolphins that were imported into Lithuania from Russia between 1993 and 2000. Eight other dolphins were born in captivity in Lithuania. Lithuania is party to ASCOBANS(Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas) which aims to maintain and achieve favourable conservation status for small cetaceans throughout the agreement area.
Dolphinaria in Lithuania, including the Sea Museum are included in the national zoo law, However, this law applies only to facilities with fewer than 10 species of wild animals and fewer than 50 animals and kept where they may pose a threat to wildlife and the conservation of biodiversity. There are no specific standards for the keeping of cetaceans in captivity in Lithuania.